The Parramatta Female Factory and Institutions Precinct is the location of the Parramatta Female Factory and the Roman Catholic Orphan School.
Covering an area of approximately 7.3ha in Fleet Street North Parramatta, this institutional precinct demonstrates how colonial and state governments chose to address the perceived problem of vulnerable women, children and people with a mental health condition.
The legacy of penal approaches to caring for vulnerable people, initiated in the Female Factory, persisted throughout the life of the precinct, in the way in which children lives were regulated in the Orphan and Girls Schools.
PARRAMATTA FEMALE FACTORY CELEBRATES 200 YEARS
Thursday 9 July 1818
Went up to Parramatta early this morning in the Carriage accompanied by Major Antill. — After Breakfast went to the Place Selected for Building the Factory and Barrack for the Female Convicts on the Left Bank of the Parramatta River – where I met Mr. Greenway the Govt. Architect and the Contractors Messrs. Watkins & Payten – and at 12,O'Clock laid the Foundation Stone of this New Building in the usual Form; giving the Workmen Four Gallons of spirits to drink Success to the Building. Source: Lachlan & Elizabeth Macquarie Archive
Parramatta Female Factory Precinct (Parragirls) Assoc was established in 2006 to promote awareness about the history, heritage and legacy of this historic institutional precinct and to provide a contact register for former occupants and descendants of these historic institutions.
In 2012 we launched the PFFP Memory Project - a social history and contemporary art project connecting past to present and memory to action in establishing this historic precinct as Australia's first site of conscience.
A free shuttle bus leaves from Parramatta Station or Rivercat Wharf every 10 minutes. Alight at Parramatta Leagues Club for the short walk to Fleet Street via Fennell Street.
The historic buildings of the Precinct are not open for public access and there are no public facilities for visitors. Most of the historic buildings can be seen from Fleet St.