Located on the traditional lands of the Burramatta clan of the Darug people, Parramatta Female Factory Institutions Precinct is where you will find the historic convict Female Factory, Parramatta Lunatic Asylum, Roman Catholic Orphanage and Parramatta Girls Home. This historic precinct offers a unique insight into Australia's colonial past and the era of institutional confinement of vulnerable women and children
Parramatta Female Factory
Australia's first purpose built convict Female Factory was the principal destination for unassigned convict women in the penal colony of New South Wales from 1821 to 1840.
Parramatta Lunatic Asylum
Established as an Asylum for Lunatic and Invalid convicts in 1847, Parramatta Lunatic Asylum was officially gazetted as a public asylum in 1849. Now Cumberland Hospital, this institutional complex features buildings and structures from the 19th and early 20th century period.
Roman Catholic Orphan School
Australia's first purpose built orphanage for Catholic children, and located next to the 3rd class penitentiary yard of the Female Factory, this government institution was later managed by the Sisters of the Good Samaritan.
Parramatta Girls Home
First known as Parramatta Girls Industrial School and occupying the former Roman Catholic Orphan School site, Parramatta Girls Home was the principal child welfare institution for girls in NSW from 1887 to 1974.
The Memory Project
A social history + contemporary art initiative the Memory Project brings together artists, academics, historians and former occupants to activate the Parramatta Female Factory Precinct Institutions Precinct as Australia's first site of conscience so that its history, heritage and legacy is never forgotten.