Convicts & Characters

Who were the women of the Female Factory? where did they come from? 

Convict Bonnets 'Roses from the Heart' a bonnet tribute to commemorate the value of a convict woman's life.

In their Footsteps

The children of the Orphanage and Girls Industrial School/Home

Heritage information


Settlement; Factory Above the Gaol; 


A contact register and information on support services and welfare files for Parramatta Girls. 


Where you can obtain records for: Convicts; AsylumOrphanageIndustrial School; Parramatta Girls Home


How to get there; Self Guide Tour;
Glengarriff Museum; Site Map

 PFFP Memory Project

A social history and contemporary art project centered on the historic institutions, the Parramatta Female Factory Precinct Memory Project brings together artists, historians and former occupants to actively participate in determining how the institutional experience is remembered, documented and interpreted. Visit Facebook or website

Parramatta Female Factory Precinct is a located in Fleet Street, North Parramatta NSW and is one of the most significant sites of institutional confinement in Australia.

  • Parramatta Female Factory (1821-1847) the destination of all unassigned convict women in the colony of NSW.
  • Parramatta Mental Asylum since 1847 the former Female Factory site has been used as an Asylum and today is known as Cumberland Hospital.
  • Roman Catholic Orphan School built beside the Female Factory in 1840 the first government owned orphanage for catholic children in Australia.
  • Parramatta Girls Home occupied the former RCOS premises in 1887 and operated as a child welfare institution until the 1980's. 

Taking Freedom from the Past - Collections Australia Network

Parallels in the lives of convict women and the recent experiences of wards of the state. The Parramatta Female Factory Precinct housed orphans, convict women, girls at risk and those in need of psychiatric care. A former Parragirl, Ms Djuric is campaigning for the precinct to be preserved, with hopes to regenerate the neglected buildings into a cultural centre. She is looking to the project manager of the Cascades Female Factory Historic Site Shirley McCarron for guidance and inspiration.