Located in Fleet St North Parramatta NSW, the historic Parramatta Female Factory Precinct encompasses a 16 acre portion within the 56 acre North Parramatta Government Heritage precinct.

Comprising the adjacent institutional sites of the Parramatta Female Factory (1821-1847) and the Roman Catholic Orphan School (1844-1886), both institutions have been re-purposed over time with the Female Factory now within the Cumberland Hospital complex and the Orphan School operating as the Parramatta Girls Industrial School from 1887-1974, then as the Norma Parker Centre and Kamballa.


Parramatta Female Factory

Australia's first purpose built institution for female convicts operated from 1821 until 1847.

Invalid & Lunatic Asylum

In 1847 the Female Factory was re-purposed as an Invalid & Lunatic Asylum, now operating as Cumberland Hospital. 

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Roman Catholic Orphan School

Australia's first purpose built orphanage for Catholic children operated from 1844 until 1886.

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Parramatta Girls Industrial School

In 1887 RCOS was re-purposed as Parramatta Girls Industrial School - the principal child welfare institution for girls in NSW from 1886 until 1974.

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PFFP Memory Project Logo

Founded in 2012, thePFFP Memory Project brings together artists, historians, academics and former residents in  a social history and contemporary art project to explore, interpret and document the history, heritage, experience and legacy the Parramatta Female Factory Precincts' historic institutions and to activate it as Australia's first Site of Conscience.

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"Connecting past to present and memory to action"


Parragirls is a support network and contact register established in 2006 for Forgotten Australians and Stolen Generations of the Parramatta Girls Home. We provide information on how to obtain your welfare files and records, support services, open days and social activities, the Royal Commission into institutional responses to child sexual abuse, and consultations with the NSW Government on the Parramatta Girls Home Memorial.

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Precinct NEWS

Parramatta North Urban Transformation

In 2014 the NSW Government announced plans for Parramatta North Urban Transformation which would see new hi rise residential and commercial development at the precinct, the preservation of the 19th century Female Factory - Asylum and Roman Catholic Orphan School - Girls Training School and the demolition of most 20th century institutional buildings and structures.

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Parramatta Girls Home Memorial

In November 2014, the Minister for Family and Community Services (FACS) announced that a memorial would be built at the Parramatta Girls’ Home site to acknowledge the women who experienced abuse as children at the home. FACS is committed to building a place of remembrance and reflection for former residents, their families, as well as the wider community.

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Public Transport:

A free shuttle bus leaves from Parramatta Station or Rivercat Wharf every 10 minutes. Alight at Parramatta Leagues Club and then proceed to Fennel  and Fleet Streets. 

ADvice for visitors

The historic buildings of the Precinct are not open for public access and there are no public facilities for visitors. Most of the historic buildings can be seen from Fleet St.

Download a site map here:

 Historic records for Parramatta Female Factory, Lunatic Asylum, Roman Catholic Orphan School and Parramatta Girls Home. 

 National Heritage listing of the Parramatta Female Factory Precinct, significance, values, criteria and State Heritage List information.

Parramatta Female Factory Precinct holds a fascinating maze of stories and questions; here are some of those stories......